Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Form ↑GlossesPOSLinks
PWMP *zutzut

pluck, pull out

PMP *zuRuq

juice; sap; gravy; soup

PWMP *zuRu

corner; side, edge

PWMP *zuŋzuŋ-an

what is carried on the head; a burden

PWMP *zuŋzuŋ

carry on the head

PMP *zuŋkuk

bend over, stoop

PWMP *z<um>alan

to pass through

PWMP *zuluŋ

kind of freshwater fish

PAN *zuluʔ

earlier, in advance

PWMP *zulaq

saliva; to spit

PMP *zukut


PMP *zizir

grin, show the teeth

PMP *ziziq

grin, show the teeth

PWMP *zizi


PMP *ziuq


PMP *zitzit

to hiss

PWMP *ziteq

vine from which poison is obtained

PMP *zitaq

a large shade tree: Alstonia scholaris

PWMP *ziŋkit

touching or joined along the length

PMP *zilateŋ

stinging nettle: Laportea spp.

PMP *zilak


PWMP *zera

hurt, frightened, or discouraged by previous bad experience

PWMP *zepit

pinch, take up with the fingers

PMP *zeŋkuŋ


PMP *zemak

feel, grope

PWMP *zelzel

stuff or fill with material

PWMP *zeliŋ

cross-eyed; eye

PMP *zelay

a cereal grass with edible seeds that are also used as beads, Job’s tears: Coix lachryma-jobi L.

PAN *zelaq


PMP *zeket

to burn (fields, etc.)

PAN *za-zalan

(gloss uncertain)

PAN *zawa₂

millet sp.: Setaria italica (?)

PMP *zawa₁


PMP *zauq zauq

(gloss uncertain)

PMP *zauq


PAN *zaRum


PMP *zariŋ

noose or net trap

PWMP *zariaŋaw

a plant: Calamus spp.

PWMP *zaRaŋ

having wide intervals; seldom

PAN *zaRami

rice straw

PWMP *zaRami

rice straw; flute made from a rice stalk

PMP *zaqit

to sew

PWMP *zaqet

bad, evil; ugly

PMP *zaqat

bad, evil; ugly

PWMP *zapit

pinch, squeeze, press

PAN *za(ŋ)kuC

grab, grasp, seize

PWMP *za(ŋ)kit

spread, spreading by contact

PWMP *zaŋkaŋ

wide apart, as the legs

PWMP *zaŋkal


PWMP *zaŋaw

insect destructive to rice

PWMP *zaŋan₂


PMP *zaŋan₁


PWMP *zaluaŋ

bark cloth

PMP *zalateŋ

stinging nettle: Laportea spp.

PAN *zalan-zalan

small path or trail

PAN *zalan-an

passage way, place where one has walked

PAN *zalan

path, made by a human as opposed to an animal; way or means to do something

PMP *zalan

path, made by a human as opposed to an animal; way or means to do something; wake of a boat; the Mil…

PMP *X₆ + qatay

(lit. 'white liver') pure-hearted

PMP *X₅ + qatay

(lit. 'small liver') afraid

PMP *X₄ + qatay

(lit. 'sick/hurt liver') resentful, offended

PMP *X₃ + qatay

(lit. 'rotten liver') full of malice

PMP *X₂ + qatay

(lit. 'burning liver') angry, furious

PMP *X₁ + qatay

(lit. 'big liver') brave, courageous; proud, arrogant

PPh *wiwí

shrill whistle or chirrup

PPh *witwít₂

shake, wave (hand, something in the hand)

PPh *witwít₁


PAN *witiwit

wag, swing from side to side

PMP *wirit


PAN *wiRi

left side or direction

PPh *wíqwiq

slit open

PMP *wiŋis

bare the teeth

PAN *wiŋawiŋ

wag, shake, move repeatedly from side to side

PAN *wili

return, come back

PWMP *wikwik

chirp, whistle

PPh *wigwíg

shake, shake something

PPh *waywáy

dangle, hang down loosely

PPh *wáwaq

mouth of a river

PAN *wa-walu

eight (of humans)

PMP *wa-tu

away, outward, forward, onward; towards the hearer

PPh *watnág

scatter, disperse

POC *wati₂


PMP *wati₁


PAN *watawat

wave, flutter (as a flag)

PPh *waswás₂

tear apart something that one has made; undo

PPh *waswás₁

shake something, rinse clothes by shaking in clear water

PPh *wasíwas

wave back and forth (hand, flag)

PPh *wasay wasay

insect sp.

PWMP *wasay


PAN *waSaw


POC *waRoc waRoc

vines; veins, tendons

POC *waRoc

vine, creeper

POC *waRi(n)sa

day before yesterday

POC *waRi₂

past, of time

PAN *waRi₁

day; sun; dry in the sun

PCEMP *wari

sing; song

PMP *waRej

vine, creeper

PAN *waray

to separate, as two people

PPh *wáras

distribute, deal out

PPh *warák

scatter, strew

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